Tuesday, 19 February 2013

Influential Artists in the 20’s and 30’s

Since we've been trying to find as many artists from the 20's and 30's as we could, I decided to start a list where we can add all the artists we can come up with, I wrote down a "few" already :)      cheers, César 

Influential Artists in the 20’s and 30’s

  1. Agatha Christie, 1890-1976, crime writer, "Murder on the Orient Express"
  2. Charles Lee Smith, 1887-1964, attorney, author, atheist activist, "Truth Seeker"
  3. Christopher Isherwood, 1904-1986, novelist, "The Berlin Stories", "Frankenstein: the true story"
  4. D.H.Lawrence 1907–1930, novelist, poet, playwright, essayist, literary critic, "Lady Chatterley's Lover"
  5. e.e. Cummings, 1894-1962, poet, painter, essayist, author, and playwright, "Tulips and chimneys", "Fairytales"
  6. Edith Wharton, 1962-1937, Novelist, "The Age of Innocence"
  7. Edna St. Vincent Millay, 1892-1950, lyrical poet, "Euclid alone has looked on Beauty bare"
  8. Ernest Hemingway, 1899-1961, writer and journalist, "The Old Man and the Sea"
  9. Eugene O'Neill, 1888-1953, playwright, "The Iceman Cometh", "The Great God Brown", "Ah, Wilderness!"
  10. Ezra Pound, 1885-1972, poet and  literary critic, "Ripostes", "Hugh Selwyn Mauberley"
  11. F. Scott Fitzgerald 1896-1940, writer, "The Great Gatsby"
  12. Fernando Pessoa, 1888-1935, poet, writer, literary critic, translator, publisher and philosopher, "Forever Someone Else", "Message", "Book of Disquiet"
  13. George Orwell, 1903-1950, novelist, journalist, "Animal Farm", "Nineteen Eighty-Four", "Keep the Aspidistra Flying"
  14. Gertrude Stein, 1874-1946, experimental novelist, poet and playwright, "The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas"
  15. H.G. Wells, 1866-1946, writer, "The War of the Worlds"
  16. H.L. Mencken, 1880-1956, journalist, essayist, magazine editor, satirist, critic, "The American Language"
  17. Haldous Huxley, 1894-1963, writer, "Brave New World"
  18. Harper Lee, 1926-1961, writer, "To Kill a Mockingbird"
  19. Hart Crane, 1899-1932, poet, "The Bridge"
  20. James Joyce, 1882-1941, novelist, poet, Ulysses, "Dubliners", "A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man", "Finnegans Wake"
  21. John Steinbeck, 1902-1968, writer, "Of Mice and Men", "The Grapes of Wrath", "East of Eden"
  22. J R.R. Tolkien, 1892-1973, writer, poet, philologist, "The Hobbit", "The Lord of the Rings", "The Silmarillion"
  23. Langston Hughes, 1902-1967, poet, social activist, novelist, playwright, and columnist, "The Weary Blues"
  24. Luigi Pirandello, 1867-1936, dramatist, novelist, poet, "Playful Evil", The Man, "The Beast and The Virtue"
  25. Robert Frost 1874-1963, poet, "The Gift Outright"
  26. Sinclair Lewis, 1885-1951, novelist, playwright, "Main Street"
  27. T.S. Eliot 1888-1965, poet and literary critic, "The Waste land"
  28. Virginia Woolf, 1882-1941, writer, "Mrs Dalloway", "To the Lighthouse", "Orlando"
  29. William C Williams, 1883-1963, poet, "The Red Wheelbarrow", "Spring and All", "Paterson"
  30. William Faulkner, 1897-1962, writer, "As I lay Dying"
  31. W.H. Auden, 1907-1973, poet, "The Age of Anxiety"

Eugene O'Neill, ,playwright, "A Long Day's Journey Into Night"

  1. Alfred Hitchcock, The 39 Steps
  2. Carl Dreyer, Vampyr
  3. Charles Chaplin, City Lights, Modern Times
  4. Frank Capra, Mr. Smith goes to New York
  5. Fritz Lang, M
  6. Harold Young, The Scarlet Pimpernel
  7. Howard Hawks, Scarface,
  8. Jack Conway, A Tale of Two Cities
  9. James Whale, Frankenstein, The Bride of Frankenstein
  10. Jean Renoir, The Rules of the Game
  11. Jean Vigo, L’Atalante
  12. Josef Sternberg, The Blue Angel
  13. Leo McCarey, Duck Soup
  14. Lewis Milestone, Of Mice and Men
  15. Mark Sandrich, Top Hat
  16. Merian Cooper, King Kong
  17. Merwyn LeRoy, Little Caeser
  18. Michael Curtiz, The Adventures of Robin Wood, Angels with dirty faces
  19. William Dieterle, The Hunchback of Notre Dame
  20. Orson Wells, 1915-1985, actor, director, writer, "Citizen Kane"
  21. Sam Wood, A Night at the Opera
  22. Tod Browning, Dracula, Freaks
  23. Victor Fleming, Gone with the Wind, “The Wizard of Oz
  24. William Gotrell, Snow White and the seven Dwarfs
  25. W.S. Van Dyke, The Thin Man, Manhattan Melodrama

  1. Claude Monet, 1840-1926, French Impressionist Painter
  2. Edgar Degas, 1834-1917, French Realist/Impressionist Painter and Sculptor
  3. Edvard Munch, 1863-1944, Norwegian Symbolist/Expressionist Painter
  4. Edward Hopper, 1882-1967, American Scene Painter       
  5. Georgia O'Keeffe, 1887-1986, American Painter
  6. Gustav Klimt, 1862-1918, Austrian Art Nouveau Painter
  7. H. Matisse, 1869-1954, French Fauvist Painter and Sculptor
  8. Jackson Pollock, 1912-1956, American Abstract Expressionist Painter
  9. Joan Miró i Ferrà, 1893-1983, Spanish Surrealist Painter and Sculptor
  10. Pablo Picasso, 1881-1973, Spanish Cubist Painter and Sculptor
  11. Paul Cézanne, 1839-1906, French Post-Impressionist Painter
  12. Paul Klee, 1879-1940, Swiss Expressionist Painter
  13. Pierre-Auguste Renoir, 1841-1919, French Impressionist Painter
  14. Salvador Dali, 1904-1989, Spanish Surrealist Painter
  15. Vasilij Kandinskij, 1866-1944, Russian-born French Expressionist Painter

  1. Art Deco - Le Corbusier, 1887-1965, architect, designer, urbanist, and writer, 
  2. Bauhaus - Walter Gropius, 1883-1969, German architect,
  3. Constructivist – Vladimir Tatlin, 1885-1953, painter and architect
  4. De Stijl (Neoplasticism) - Theo Van Doesburg, 1883-1931, painter, writer, poet, architect,
  5. Fascist - Giuseppe Terragni, Marcello Piacentini, and Albert Speer.
  6. Functionalism – Louis Sullivan, 1856-1924, American Architect aka “father of skyscrapers”
  7. Futurist – Antonio Sant'Elia, Mario Chiattone, architects, and Fillipo Tommaso Marinetti, 1876-1944, poet and editor
  8. International Style - Henry Hitchcock, 1903-1987, architectural historian,  and Philip Johnson, 1906-2005, architect,
  9. Neues Bauen (New objectivity) - Walter Gropius and Adolf Meyer's
  10. Organic Architecture and Usonia – Frank Lloyd Wright, 1867-1959, American architect, interior designer, writer and educator
  11. Streamline Moderne (Art Moderne)(new Art Deco in the 30’s) Raymond Loewy, Walter Dorwin Teague, Gilbert Rohde, Norman Bel Geddes

  1. Al Jolson, 1886-1950, American singer, comedian, and actor
  2. Benjamin Selvin, 1898-1980, musician, bandleader, record producer and innovator
  3. Benny Meroff, 1899-1973, composer and musician
  4. Benny Goodman, 1909-1986, American jazz and swing musician, clarinetist and bandleader
  5. Duke Ellington, 1899-1974, American composer, pianist, and big-band leader
  6. Guy Lombardo, 1902-1977, Canadian-American bandleader and violinist.
  7. Harry Richman, 1895-1972, singer, actor, dancer, comedian, pianist, songwriter, bandleader, and night club performer
  8. Leo Reisman, 1897-1961, violinist and bandleader  
  9. Nat Shilkret, 1889-1982, American composer, conductor, clarinetist, pianist, business executive, and music director
  10. Paul Whiteman, 1890-1967, American bandleader and orchestral director
  11. Rudy Vallee, 1901-1986, American singer, actor, bandleader, and entertainer
  12. Ruth Etting, 1897-1978, American singing star and actress
  13. Roy Ingraham, 1895-1988, Songwriter, composer and conductor
  14. Son House, 1902-1988, American blues singer and guitarist
  15. Ted lewis, 1890-1971, American entertainer, bandleader, singer, and musician
  16. Ted Weems, 1901-1963, American bandleader and musician
  17. Tommy Dorsey, 1905-1956, American jazz trombonist, trumpeter, composer, and bandleader


  1. Hi. As for painters I posted a work by Tamara de Lempicka. Watch out for women at that stage.. The roaring twenties had a lot to do with them too ;) AT

  2. Cesar,
    When contributing to your list I thought a comment would make more sense than a new, separate post. You will decide if a post edition is called for.

    I am adding some names to your already extensive list. I have noticed that the majority of the names in the Literature section are of authors who wrote in English. Although I understand that we are an English class, I do not think we can nor should reduce Modernism and the changes happening in the western world cultural scene to the UK and USA. I think you must be of the same mind, as you have included Pessoa and Pirandello.

    My list is not too extensive but includes names which, I believe, were fundamental for the innovation taking shape since the very beginning of the 20th century. They are also unmissable cultural references.

    Although it is true that WWI (and the Soviet revolution)set a dividing line, separating a "before" and an "after", the winds of change were being felt two decades before, and the "new" did not come out of the blue.
    Some of these writers published their most influential works before 1920, others some years into the 40s, but they were all innovators, tearing down conventions, challenging accepted ways and truths.

    After the names I have included, for the benefit of anyone who may need it, the language these authors wrote in and, when I thought necessary, their place of origin.

    Albert Camus (1913-1960) - French
    André Gide (1869-1951) - French
    Anna Akhmatova (1889-1966) – Russian, Soviet Union
    August Strindberg (1849-1912) – Swedish
    Berthold Brecht ( 1898-1956) – German
    Federíco Garcia Lorca (1898-1936) - Spanish
    Filippo Tommaso Marinetti (1876-1944) - Italian
    Franz Kafka (1883-1924) – German, Czechoslovakia
    Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906) – Norwegian
    Jorge Luis Borges (1896-1986) – Spanish, Argentina
    Joseph Conrad (1857-1924) – English, Poland (Russian Empire)
    Katherine Mansfield (1888-1923) – English, New Zealand
    Konstantinos Kavafis (1863-1933) – Greek, Egypt (Alexandria)
    Marcel Proust (1871-1922) – Franch
    Rainer Maria Rilke (1875-1926) – German, Austrian Empire
    Rubén Darío (1867-1916) – Spanish, Nicaragua
    Stefan Zweig (1881-1942) –German, Austria