Thursday, 28 February 2013
Tuesday, 26 February 2013
- Why did the rape scene have to last nine minutes?
That is simply as long as it might last in real life. Sometimes you hear stories of someone being raped for half an hour. It seemed the normal timing for the situation. I could have decided not to show the whole thing and panned the camera in and skipped parts.
- Did you speak to many rape victims in advance of shooting?
Many of the girls I dated had been raped, but people don’t like talking about it. When I ask a woman if she has been raped, she’ll often say “yes”, even, in some cases, “twice”. When you ask questions, you feel like it’s not your business. I guess you just guess what it would be like. Anti-rape associations have expressed appreciation for the movie.
- Are you talking about date rapes? Or rapes by strangers, ambushes?
I know a lot of people who had been raped violently in the streets. It can be a 50-year-old woman who told you it happened 25 years ago. A member of the crew had been raped, too. I can’t say who she is.
It happens often in real life. It’s rarely portrayed in movies because it’s a much closer [more intimate] crime in everyday life than murder.
- You deal with the violence in a way that appears to distance it.
- How do you explain the fascination that Alex exercises on the audience?
- What was your attitude towards violence in your film?
- What is your opinion about the increasing screen violence in recent years?
Sunday, 24 February 2013
- http://www.culturalequity.org/ (Cultural Equity)
- http://www.loc.gov/folklife/index.html (The American Folklife Center)
- http://www.loc.gov/folklife/lomax/ (The Lomax Collection)
- http://memory.loc.gov/diglib/ihas/html/afccards/afccards-home.html (Traditional Music and Spoken Word Catalogue)
the full version of the 1997 movie on youtube:
On a side note, there's also a Rap video clip with the story,
which sounds pretty awesome, made by Flocabulary.
Flocabulary produces educational hip-hop music and learning materials to make content come to life. Free songs and lessons are available here:http://www.flocabulary.com
BBC created an animated series based on it, although the art is a bit lame:
Saturday, 23 February 2013
This is the poem in modern English:
To a mouse
Small, sleek, cowering, timorous beast,
O, what a panic is in your breast!
You need not run away so quickly
Squeaking with alarm!
I would not want to run and chase you,
With a murdering spade.
I'm truly sorry man's dominion
Has broken Nature's social union,
And justifies that ill opinion
Which makes thee startle
At me, thy poor, earth born companion
And fellow mortal!
I don't doubt that sometimes you may steal;
What then? Poor beast, you must live!
An oocasional ear of twenty-four bundles
Is a small request;
I'll get a blessing with what's left,
And never miss it.
Your small house, too, in ruin!
It's fragile walls the winds are blowing!
And nothing now, to build a new one,
Of thick green grass!
And bleak December's winds coming,
Both harsh and keen!
You saw the fields laid bare and wasted,
And weary winter coming fast,
And cozy here, beneath the blast,
You thought to dwell,
Till crash! the cruel ploughshare past
Out through your cell.
That small bit heap of leaves and stubble,
Has cost you many a weary nibble!
Now you are turned out, for all your trouble,
Without house or holding,
To endure the winter's sleety dribble,
And hoar-frost cold.
But Mouse, you are not alone,
In proving foresight may be vain:
The best laid schemes of mice and men
Go often awry,
And leave us naught but grief and pain,
For promised joy!
Still you are blest, compared with me!
The present only touches thee:
But oh! I backward cast my eye,
On prospects dreary!
And forward, though I cannot see,
I guess and fear!
Read out loud version:
You can have a look at all of his works here: www.robertburns.org
There's the original and modern english version for each of his poems.
The message is by C. S. Lewis, 1898-1963, mostly known for writing "The Chronicles of Narnia".
The author of the picture is Igor Morski, a Polish graphic designer, illustrator and set designer. You can check out his portfolio here www.igor.morski.pl
Friday, 22 February 2013
I am out to sing songs that will prove to you that this is your world and that if it has hit you pretty hard and knocked you for a dozen loops, no matter what color, what size you are, how you are built, I am out to sing the songs that make you take pride in yourself and in your work.
Oh, and he also hated fascists. Very much.
I leave you with a small biography.
This Land Is Your Land (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wxiMrvDbq3s)
All You Fascists Bound To Lose (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VwcKwGS7OSQ)
Talking Dustbowl Blues (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dkAxuqrVNBM)
Better World A-Comin' (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aQLzZ1zlkGo)
I Ain't Got No Home In This World Anymore (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GTnVMulDTYA)
Don't forget to be awesome,
Thursday, 21 February 2013
The first ceremony of the Oscars took place at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel, on the 16th of May, 1929.
The award for Best Picture went to the movie Wings (1927). It is the only silent film to have won the Oscar for Best Picture.
Fifteen statuettes were awarded that night, however the winners had been announced 3 months earlier. The current system, in which the winners are known only in the ceremony, has been used since 1941.
Wednesday, 20 February 2013
Tuesday, 19 February 2013
- Agatha Christie, 1890-1976, crime writer, "Murder on the Orient Express"
- Charles Lee Smith, 1887-1964, attorney, author, atheist activist, "Truth Seeker"
- Christopher Isherwood, 1904-1986, novelist, "The Berlin Stories", "Frankenstein: the true story"
- D.H.Lawrence 1907–1930, novelist, poet, playwright, essayist, literary critic, "Lady Chatterley's Lover"
- e.e. Cummings, 1894-1962, poet, painter, essayist, author, and playwright, "Tulips and chimneys", "Fairytales"
- Edith Wharton, 1962-1937, Novelist, "The Age of Innocence"
- Edna St. Vincent Millay, 1892-1950, lyrical poet, "Euclid alone has looked on Beauty bare"
- Ernest Hemingway, 1899-1961, writer and journalist, "The Old Man and the Sea"
- Eugene O'Neill, 1888-1953, playwright, "The Iceman Cometh", "The Great God Brown", "Ah, Wilderness!"
- Ezra Pound, 1885-1972, poet and literary critic, "Ripostes", "Hugh Selwyn Mauberley"
- F. Scott Fitzgerald 1896-1940, writer, "The Great Gatsby"
- Fernando Pessoa, 1888-1935, poet, writer, literary critic, translator, publisher and philosopher, "Forever Someone Else", "Message", "Book of Disquiet"
- George Orwell, 1903-1950, novelist, journalist, "Animal Farm", "Nineteen Eighty-Four", "Keep the Aspidistra Flying"
- Gertrude Stein, 1874-1946, experimental novelist, poet and playwright, "The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas"
- H.G. Wells, 1866-1946, writer, "The War of the Worlds"
- H.L. Mencken, 1880-1956, journalist, essayist, magazine editor, satirist, critic, "The American Language"
- Haldous Huxley, 1894-1963, writer, "Brave New World"
- Harper Lee, 1926-1961, writer, "To Kill a Mockingbird"
- Hart Crane, 1899-1932, poet, "The Bridge"
- James Joyce, 1882-1941, novelist, poet, Ulysses, "Dubliners", "A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man", "Finnegans Wake"
- John Steinbeck, 1902-1968, writer, "Of Mice and Men", "The Grapes of Wrath", "East of Eden"
- J R.R. Tolkien, 1892-1973, writer, poet, philologist, "The Hobbit", "The Lord of the Rings", "The Silmarillion"
- Langston Hughes, 1902-1967, poet, social activist, novelist, playwright, and columnist, "The Weary Blues"
- Luigi Pirandello, 1867-1936, dramatist, novelist, poet, "Playful Evil", The Man, "The Beast and The Virtue"
- Robert Frost 1874-1963, poet, "The Gift Outright"
- Sinclair Lewis, 1885-1951, novelist, playwright, "Main Street"
- T.S. Eliot 1888-1965, poet and literary critic, "The Waste land"
- Virginia Woolf, 1882-1941, writer, "Mrs Dalloway", "To the Lighthouse", "Orlando"
- William C Williams, 1883-1963, poet, "The Red Wheelbarrow", "Spring and All", "Paterson"
- William Faulkner, 1897-1962, writer, "As I lay Dying"
- W.H. Auden, 1907-1973, poet, "The Age of Anxiety"
- Alfred Hitchcock, The 39 Steps
- Carl Dreyer, Vampyr
- Charles Chaplin, City Lights, Modern Times
- Frank Capra, Mr. Smith goes to New York
- Fritz Lang, M
- Harold Young, The Scarlet Pimpernel
- Howard Hawks, Scarface,
- Jack Conway, A Tale of Two Cities
- James Whale, Frankenstein, The Bride of Frankenstein
- Jean Renoir, The Rules of the Game
- Jean Vigo, L’Atalante
- Josef Sternberg, The Blue Angel
- Leo McCarey, Duck Soup
- Lewis Milestone, Of Mice and Men
- Mark Sandrich, Top Hat
- Merian Cooper, King Kong
- Merwyn LeRoy, Little Caeser
- Michael Curtiz, The Adventures of Robin Wood, Angels with dirty faces
- William Dieterle, The Hunchback of Notre Dame
- Orson Wells, 1915-1985, actor, director, writer, "Citizen Kane"
- Sam Wood, A Night at the Opera
- Tod Browning, Dracula, Freaks
- Victor Fleming, Gone with the Wind, “The Wizard of Oz
- William Gotrell, Snow White and the seven Dwarfs
- W.S. Van Dyke, The Thin Man, Manhattan Melodrama
- Claude Monet, 1840-1926, French Impressionist Painter
- Edgar Degas, 1834-1917, French Realist/Impressionist Painter and Sculptor
- Edvard Munch, 1863-1944, Norwegian Symbolist/Expressionist Painter
- Edward Hopper, 1882-1967, American Scene Painter
- Georgia O'Keeffe, 1887-1986, American Painter
- Gustav Klimt, 1862-1918, Austrian Art Nouveau Painter
- H. Matisse, 1869-1954, French Fauvist Painter and Sculptor
- Jackson Pollock, 1912-1956, American Abstract Expressionist Painter
- Joan Miró i Ferrà, 1893-1983, Spanish Surrealist Painter and Sculptor
- Pablo Picasso, 1881-1973, Spanish Cubist Painter and Sculptor
- Paul Cézanne, 1839-1906, French Post-Impressionist Painter
- Paul Klee, 1879-1940, Swiss Expressionist Painter
- Pierre-Auguste Renoir, 1841-1919, French Impressionist Painter
- Salvador Dali, 1904-1989, Spanish Surrealist Painter
- Vasilij Kandinskij, 1866-1944, Russian-born French Expressionist Painter
- Art Deco - Le Corbusier, 1887-1965, architect, designer, urbanist, and writer,
- Bauhaus - Walter Gropius, 1883-1969, German architect,
- Constructivist – Vladimir Tatlin, 1885-1953, painter and architect
- De Stijl (Neoplasticism) - Theo Van Doesburg, 1883-1931, painter, writer, poet, architect,
- Fascist - Giuseppe Terragni, Marcello Piacentini, and Albert Speer.
- Functionalism – Louis Sullivan, 1856-1924, American Architect aka “father of skyscrapers”
- Futurist – Antonio Sant'Elia, Mario Chiattone, architects, and Fillipo Tommaso Marinetti, 1876-1944, poet and editor
- International Style - Henry Hitchcock, 1903-1987, architectural historian, and Philip Johnson, 1906-2005, architect,
- Neues Bauen (New objectivity) - Walter Gropius and Adolf Meyer's
- Organic Architecture and Usonia – Frank Lloyd Wright, 1867-1959, American architect, interior designer, writer and educator
- Streamline Moderne (Art Moderne)(new Art Deco in the 30’s) Raymond Loewy, Walter Dorwin Teague, Gilbert Rohde, Norman Bel Geddes
- Al Jolson, 1886-1950, American singer, comedian, and actor
- Benjamin Selvin, 1898-1980, musician, bandleader, record producer and innovator
- Benny Meroff, 1899-1973, composer and musician
- Benny Goodman, 1909-1986, American jazz and swing musician, clarinetist and bandleader
- Duke Ellington, 1899-1974, American composer, pianist, and big-band leader
- Guy Lombardo, 1902-1977, Canadian-American bandleader and violinist.
- Harry Richman, 1895-1972, singer, actor, dancer, comedian, pianist, songwriter, bandleader, and night club performer
- Leo Reisman, 1897-1961, violinist and bandleader
- Nat Shilkret, 1889-1982, American composer, conductor, clarinetist, pianist, business executive, and music director
- Paul Whiteman, 1890-1967, American bandleader and orchestral director
- Rudy Vallee, 1901-1986, American singer, actor, bandleader, and entertainer
- Ruth Etting, 1897-1978, American singing star and actress
- Roy Ingraham, 1895-1988, Songwriter, composer and conductor
- Son House, 1902-1988, American blues singer and guitarist
- Ted lewis, 1890-1971, American entertainer, bandleader, singer, and musician
- Ted Weems, 1901-1963, American bandleader and musician
- Tommy Dorsey, 1905-1956, American jazz trombonist, trumpeter, composer, and bandleader
Sunday, 17 February 2013
This a list of some composers from "our "period and some of their most interesting (or intriguing) works
- Alban Berg - Lulu (opera with only two acts - 1937; finished post mortem)
-John Cage (this one is VERY difficult but...well perhaps Sonata for Clarinet and Sonata for two voices - 1933)
-Manuel de Falla ( The Ballet The Magistrate and the Miller´s Wife - El corregidor y la molinera. In 1917, it became known as The Three Cornered Hat - El sombrero de tres picos)
-George Gershwin (Rhapsody in Blue, 1924; Porgy and Bess - folk opera, 1935)
-Arthur Honegger (Jeanne D´Arc au Bûcher, 1935)
-LeoŠ JaváČek (String Quartet No.2 - "Intimate Letters"- 1928)
-Aram Kachaturian (Sabre Dance from the Ballet Gayane, 1942)
-Carl Orff (Also Sprach Zarathustra - Thus Spoke Zarathustra - 1911/1912; The trilogy Trionfi - Triumphs - where Carmina Burana is included - 1937)
-Sergei Prokofiev (Ballet Romeu and Juliet - 1935/1936 which includes the famous March of the Capulets; Ballet Cinderella - 1940-1944; Peter and the Wolf - 1936)
-Giacomo Puccini (Il Trittico, a three-one act operas: Il Tabarro, Suor Angelica and Gianni Shicchi. The last one is the most popular, thanks to the famous aria "O mio Babbino Caro"
:) Ana de Fátima
There is no better way to introduce this 20th century austrian composer to the general public. Schoenberg´s ideas were misunderstood by critics in the Twenties and even today we miss the point of his achievement. Fear not because I will do my best not to enter into details concerning music theory. So...baby steps then.
Schoenberg (Schönberg in german) invented the twelve tone composition or, as it is commonly known, the dodecaphonic serial method or just serialism. Basically, you have 12 notes of a chromatic scale organized equally and independently.They are arranged in what is called a row, or series, chosen by the composer. Each note can be repeated whenever you want, as long as you bear in mind that, when you change the note, you are also changing the row. Therefore, you cannot use the notes you used before until you play all the twelve notes of the current row you decided to use. The composer is also entitled to do some transformations: prime ( the initial row), inversion (transpose the row to begin in another note but with the same intervals), retrograde (play the row backwards) and retrograde-inversion ( a combination of the former two). Schoenberg also used several mathematical formulas to manipulate the series, breaking it into several parts and work them separately. By this time, we are all screaming "That is just...atonal!". And Schoenberg was indeed accused of making atonal pieces. In 1908, when String Quartet #2, op.10 with a soprano was performed for the first time, the audience was throwned into confusion. They declared the composer "insane" and the title of "inventor of atonalism" was bestowed upon him by reporters.
String Quartet #2 op.10 (1908) Mov.3- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eQWofSHdFcQ;
Schoenberg´s goal wasn´t to cut ties with the 19th century composers nor with the traditional classical forms. He was a Wagner, Brahms and a Strauss fan and their influence is evident in some of his pieces. What the austrian composer wanted was to stretch the boundaries of harmony and composition and to leave his mark on this world because, and I am quoting him, «I believe what I do and do only what I believe; and woe to anybody who lays hands on my faith. Such a man I regard as an enemy, and no quarter given!»
Take Mozart and Wagner into consideration. When you listen to a piece of music from the first composer, your ears can pick a familiar melody no matter the change of tempos. For example, his Piano Sonata N.11 in A major. The name might not ring any bells but listen to the first ten seconds and I am certain you will recognize it instantly.
Piano Sonata N.11 in A major. Andante grazioso- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dP9KWQ8hAYk
You know which keys will going to be played next. You realise along the way that it doesn´t matter what modulations or changes of keys might happen - that familiar melody, that theme, is bound to return.
Now, remember Wagner? Listen to Siegfried´s Funeral March from Götterdämmerung (The Twilight of the Gods), the last opera in The Ring (for short) cycle.
Siegfried´s Funeral March - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zCE_aYJNfQo
Harmonic freedom towards its zenith. Don´t you get lost in a whirlwind of emotions and visual images? The keys have no structural boundaries, they change so quickly or so slowly and far more often, I dare to say, than in Mozart´s time. You don´t know what to expect because, as before, you feel overwhelmed (it is Wagner after all...what could we expect? Die Valküre/Ride of the Valkyries is just the tip of the iceberg!), but that familiar melodie didn´t even make an appearance...can you grasp it? Was there even one?
Schoenberg´s idea was to look beyond tonality but without losing the classical stucture components. He admired Wagner´s genius but thought that composition needed order. The tonic and the dominant don´t get special treatment within Schoenberg´s twelve tone-technique. By arranging the musical lines and notes separately, he gave them independence and power of its own. All together, they make way to a spellbound harmony when the listener least expects it. His works inspired composers such as Gershwin and John Cage. Alongside Stravinsky, Arnold Shoenberg is considered to be one of the greatest influences in 20th century music.
For further reading on - harmony, intervals, transformation, theme, tempo, traditional classical forms, tonic, dominant, row, and other music terms http://library.thinkquest.org/3343/web-docs/muglossary.html
More information on Schoenberg:exextrac biography, works and ideas- http://www.scena.org/columns/lebrecht/010708-NL-
Excerpt from Schoenberg´s "atonal opera" Moses und Aron" (1932) - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hOWjQuB34b0 ; Piano Concert op.42 (1942)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rZlB2tRyvQw
Ana de Fátima
Thursday, 14 February 2013
Wednesday, 13 February 2013
The first one is called "The Persistence of Memory"
The second is a rebuild of the first and is called
"The Disintregation of the Persistence of Memory"
Both are by Dali and the wiki articles on both of them are really good food for thought:
Cheers, César ;)